yh澳门银河娱乐开户

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    1. yh澳门银河娱乐开户

      发布时间:2020-04-04 20:32:58 文章来源:爱丽婚嫁网 阅读次数:286

        yh澳门银河娱乐开户ZhangJunkuoZhaoHuaiyongTheestablishmentandimprovementofsocialcreditsystemisaprerequisiteforimprovingthesocialistmarketeconomicsystem,tem,thegovernmenthasanimportantroletoplay,thatis,totimelyenactvarrelatingtocredittransactions:theissuanceofcredit;themanagementandcontrolofcreditrisks;thedisclosureandserviceofcreditinformation;orkandservicesystemrelatingtotheabovethreekindsofactivities,thatis,,theestablishmentandimprovementofthecreditinformationdisclosureandservicesyste’scurrentpracticalsituation,thecreditinformationdisclosureandservicesystemarethemostlaggingbehindandlacking,,itisrecommendedthattheestablishmentoflegalframeworkrelatingtocreditinformationdisclosureandserviceaeactivitiesmainlyinvolveslawsandregulationsinthreeaspects:lawsandregulationspromotingthedisclosureofcreditinformation;lawsandregulationsrelatingtotheprotectionofcreditinformation;andlawsandregulDisclosureTomakecreditinformationpublicaccordingtolawandtoreasonablygatherandtoutilizesuchinformationfairly,informationreflectingthemainmarketcreditsituationmainlycomesfromthefollowingthreeplayers:thegovernment;theothertransactionparties;,andthereforethegovernmentdepartmentsasindustrialandcommerceadministration,customs,taxation,publicsecurityandjudicialdepartmentsisanimportantsourceandcomponentofcreditinformation,anditisofcriticalimportancefortheconstruction,creditinformationpossessedbythegovernmen,thebasiclegislativeprincipleshouldbe:Makingpublicgovernmentinformationisageneralprinciple,anditisanexceptionifsuchinformationisnotmadepublic;an,,consideringthefactthatenactmentoftheGovernmentInformationDisclosureLawinvolvesmanydepartmentsandneedtoproperlyhandlecomplicatedrelationships,itisadvisabletoenactlegislationonthedisclosureofenterpriseandpersonalcreditinformationpossessedbythegovernmentorganizations,toenacttheRegulationsontheDisclosureofGovernmentCreditInformationasanexperiment,andthenena,informationofenterprisesandprivateindividualsandinformationaboutbusinesspartnersgatheredduringbusinessactivitiesallfallintothecategoryof"privateproperty",,therearefewspeciallawsmandatingthatenterprisesandindividualsmustmakepublictheirowninfor’ssituation,creditinformationaboutindustrialandcommercialenterprisesandindividualsintheirbusinessactivitiesandoccupyanextremelyimportantpositionintheconstructionofsocialcreditsystem,thereisaneedtoformulatespecialrulesandregulationsgoverningfinanChina’spracticalconditions,thefollowingthreeprinciplesshouldbereflectedandobservedinestablishingthemechanismbywhichthefinancialinstitutionsmakepublictheclients’information:theprincipleofvoluntariness;theprinciplecombiningtheprotectionofcustomers’rightsandinterestsandthepunishmentforcreditbreach;formationprotectionandguaranteeofinformationflowcontradictwitheachother,andlawsmu,atthetimeofenactinglawspromotingthedisclosureofinformation,relevantlawsrelatingtoinformationprotectionmustalsobeenactedandimprovedsoastoensurethatprivacy,,,toaddclausesonprivacyprotectionintheGeneralPrinciplesofCivilLaw;Second,toenactthePrivacyLawtoexpresslydefinethescopeofprivacyandlegalliabilitiesforinfringinguponprivacy;Third,toclearlystipulateintheGovernmentInformationDisclosureLawthatthedisclosureofgovernmentinformationshouldnotincludeprivacy;andFourth,toaddrelevantclausesoninfringementuponcitizens’,thelegalframeworkontheprotectionofcommercialsecretsshouldfollowtwoprinciples:first,tostrengthentheprotectionofbusinesssecretsofenterprisesthroughlegislation,andsecond,toregulatetherelationshipbetweentheprotectionofcommercialsecretsandinformationdisclosure,thatis,atthetimeofeffectivelyprotectingcommercialsecretsofenterprises,realizereasonabledisclosureofenterprises’,thefirstthingistoenact,assoonaspossible,theLawontheProtectionofCommercialSecretstoexpresslydefinethescopeofcommercialsecretsandthelegalliabilitiesforinfringingcommercialsecrets,thesecondthingistoexpresslystipulateintheGovernmentInformationDisclosureLawthatthedisclosureofgohemanagementneeds,China’sexistinglawsandregulationsontheprotectionofStatesecretshaveanoutstandingproblem,thatis,,ontheonehand,unhelpfultotheeffectiveprotectionofStatesecrets,andontheotherhand,fsecretsis,inessence,,itisanurgenttasktosortoutandmodifythe"RulesontheScopeofSecrecy"madebyvariousdepartmentssoastobettersuittheneedsfordevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijing,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqunLiJianweiDuetotheimpactoftheAsianfinancialcrisisandasaresultofthepressureofdomesticdeflation,China’seconomicgrowthfellforatimeaft,deepeningreformandopeningupandacceleratingeconomicrestructuringaswellasothermajorpolicymeasures,,theeconomy’sself-growth(endogenousandmarket-orientedgrowth)mechanismisgettingstr,Chinaneedstomaintainthecontinuityandstabilityofmacroeconomicpoliciessoastoconsolidatetheeconomy’sself-growthfoundationandmaketheperformanceofthenationalecothisyear,investmentandexporthavepostedarobustgrowth,consumptionhasbeenbriskandindustrialupgradinghasbeenfaster,artersandaquantitativeprojectionbyusingthemonthlymacroeconomicmeasuringmodelindicat,(1)Consumptiondemandhasbeenbriskandinvestment’sself-growthcapacityhasbeenpromotedConsumptionhasmain,,,,,()duringthesameperiod,,theupgradingofurbanandruralresidents’,theannualdeclineratesofth,ariseofsimilarintensitywaspostedforthespendingoftransportation,housing,medicalcare,,thepullingeffectof,,,or6percentagepointshigher,nd,butmo,,theaverageannualgrowthrateofalldomesticprivateinvestment,includingthejoint-stockeconomicsector,thecollectiveeconomicsector,theprivateeconomicsectorandthecooperativeeconomicsector,,,,,theinves,tofthestate-ownedeconomicsector,,theproportionofprivateinvestmentinallsocialinves,theproportionsoftheinvestmentsmadebythestate-ownedeconomicsector,thedomesticprivateeconomicsectorandtheforeignersandthosefromHongKong,,,however,,()exceededthatofthecollectiveeconomicsector().Second,thedependenceofthegrowthofallsocialinvestmentongovernmentst,theamounto,theproportionoftreasurybondinvestment(includingconstructiontreasurybondandtheinvestmentofallsupportingfunds),,thedownwardadjustmentofinterestrateshasyear,centyearsindicatesthatinthefirstthreequartersof2000,2001and2002,themacropoliciesaimeda,,investme,,raterevenue,price,expectation,self-raisedfund,foreignfundutilizationandothermarketfactorshavebeencontinuouslyontherise....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite. 

        ,China’,registeringanaturalgrowthrateof6‰.Chinawillcontinueitspopulationgrowthpatterncharacterizedbylowbirthrate,,asaleapyear,isonedaylongerthanlastyear,,,,itisstilladifficultjobtokeepbirthratelowandthelowgrowt,,HIV/,nosufficientfamilyplanningisinplaceforthemigrantpopulation;thelackofsupportforoldpeopleintheruralareaswherefamilyplanninghasbeenadoptedisbecominganincreasinglysignificantproblem;andasoc,thepopulationpolicywillcontinuetostresskeepingbirthrateatalowlevel,,thepopulationdevelopmentplansatthenationalandregionallevelswillbeworkedout,inwhichtheissueofpopulationandfamilyplanningwillrema,thepilotworkof"TakeCareofGirls",aprojectlaunchedbytheNationalPopulationandFamilyPlanningCommissionin2003,,’estimates,’,000to800,000newjobsaccordingtocurrentemploymentindicators,,,,theCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncil,aswellaslocalgovernments,allmakeitatopprioritytocreatemorejobsandhaveadoptedactivemeasurestocr,theeconomyhasenteredanewroundofrapidgrowthandisexpectedtogrowatmorethan8percentthisyear,,moreoperableandpracticalmeasuresinlinewithactiveemp,theemploymentpoliciesforcollegegraduateswillbefurtherclarifiedandinstitutionalbarrierswillbedismantledandamorefaZhangQi,Re,2005Chinabecametheworld’’srapidec,theimpactofitsstrategiesfortradeandinvestmentdevelopmentandforregionalcooperationontheprocesch20and21,2005,ChineseandforeignparticipantsparticipatedinatopicdiscussiononChina’’sDevelopmentProvidesOpportunitiesfortheWorldEconomyForeignscholarsandentrepreneurs,representedbyProfessorJosephStiglitz,aNobelPrizewinnerineconomics,believethatChina’seconomicgrowthisconducivetogreaterprosperityandstabilitytotheworldeconomyandbringsgreaterbenefitsanddevelopment,t,China’sexportswillreach8,,,China’,China’sexportproductsstructurewillcontinuetoupgrade,frompredominantlylabor-,,China’,hercountriesincludingresource-exportingcountries,,China’sattractionofforeigncapitalhelpstransnationalcorporationstoshareChina’sdevelo,,China’sopeningtotheoutsideworldandparticipationininternationaldivisionoflaborpromoteschanggattractedbyChinaconstitutethelastlinkinglobalindustrialchains,,ithashelpedothercountriestomovetotheisChinaintegratesmoredeeplywiththeglobaleconomy,itseconomics,theparticipantsemph,asanemergingdevelopingcountry,China’smodeofeconomicdevelopmentanditsexperienceinpovertyreductionareofunparalleledsignificancetootherdevelopingcountriesinmeetingt,therapiddevelopmentoftheChineseeconomy,,hasgreatlyheightenedthestatusandexpatwiththeriseofitseconomicstatus,Chinawillconstantl,hesays,Chinashouldplayevengreaterrolesinimprovingthemultilateraltradesystemandinpushingforwardmultilateraltradeneg,ChinashouldhelpdevelopingcountriesseekmorepeacefulenvironmentsfordevelopmentinthecourseofglobalizationandhelppushforwardtheDohaRoundoftradetalkssothatitcouldmakesubstantialprogressasf’stradegrowthandtheindustrialdevelopmentinEastAsiaForeignscholarsnotethatbecauseofdeeperandmoreelaboratedivisionoflabor,thegrowthinthe,thegrowthofthetradeinintermediateproducts,semi-finishe,theproportionso’,Japan,SouthKoreaandothercountriesinEastAsiahavemovedtheirfinallinkofproduction,especiallythelabor-intensiveprocessingandmanufacturingindustries,,,high-qualitylabor,ChinahasconcentratedonprocessingandproductionandexportedthefinalproductstoEurope,ChinaagainstotherEastAsiancountriesan,China’stradedeficitagainstitsneighboringAsianeconomiesexceeded160billiondollarsandits,esin0-2003period,China’sbilateraltradewithASEANcountriestookarapidlygrowingshareofthebloc’stotalforeigntrade,whileASEAN’smaintradepartners(theUnitedStates,theEuropeanUnionandJapan)’stradevolumehasbeenrisingrapidly,,theproportionofitstextileandapparelexporthasgonedown,theproportionofmachineryandelectronicexportsh’sexportstructureandthepartialshrinkingoftheASEANcountries’marketsharesinEuropeandAmerica,othercountriesandregionsinEastAsiabeganfeelingagrowingpressurefromChina’’selectronicsenterpriseshavepassedthetraditionalstageofassemblyandproductionandbegunparticipaeirindustrialpoliciesandraisingtheircompetitiveness,theyalsohopetocontinsoutthatasthelargesttradepowerinEastAsia,ChinahastheresponsibilitytomaintainandstrengthenthenewmodeofindustrialdivisionoflaborandthecoordinateddevelopmentoftheEastAsiancountrieswilldependheavilyonChina’houldberespectedandChinawillbecomethecenteroftheproductionchainofEastAsia’smanufacturingindustryandwil,ifChinaabandonsitscurrentcomparativeadvantagesandpromotesimportsubstitution(includingimportfromEastAsia),China’s,Japan,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsiancountrieshopetosolidifythecurrentindustrialdivisionoflaborbystrengtheningintra-regionalindustrialcooperationandtofixChinaasthelinkofprocessingandproductioncharacterizedbylaborintensityandlowaddedvaluesoastoma,theverticaldivisionoflaborbetweenthedevelopinganddevelopedmemberswillbesolidifiedsothatthedevelopingcountrieswilllosetheiropportunitiestodeveloptheiremergingindus,Chinashouldworkoutcorrectpoliciesforindustrialcooperationanddoallitcantoavoidsolidifyingindustrialdivisionoflabor.yh澳门银河娱乐开户 


        XieFuzhan,LiuShijin,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqunDRCTaskForceEconomicperspectivesNo10,2004Inouranalysisoftheeconomicsituationinthefirsthalfof2002,weconcludedthatth’sinherentself-growthabilityhadbeenstabilizedatarelativelyhighlevel,’seconomicgrowthisexpectedtoreachorexceed8percent,roeconomicpolicies,theemphasisofpoliciesandtheintensityofexpansionshouldbeproperlyadjustedsothatmoreeffortscanbedevotedtoso,withtheaccelerationofnon-governmentalinvestment,theupgradingofpersonalconsumptionandth,leadingmacroeconomicindicatorshavedemonstratedfurtherimprovementontopoflastyear’,industrialaddedvalue,investmentinfixedassets,foreigntrade,actualforeigncapitalutilizationandcurrencysupply(M1M2),theindustrialgrowt()wererelativelylowandsomeofthegrowthelementsbytheendoflastyearmaybetransferredtothebeginningofthisyear,theongoin,thenon-governmentalinvestmentnationwide(includingtheinvestmentbythejoint-stockeconomicsector,thecollectiveeconomicsector,theprivateeconomicsectorandthecooperativeeconomicsectorbutexcludingtheinvestmentbyforeignersandthosefromHongKong,MacaoandTaiwan),th,thegrowt,theproportionofthenon-go,,,whilethatbythenon-state-ownedeconomicsector(includingforeigninvestors),theinvestmentdesireofthenon-state-owne,theinvestorsfromthenon-state-ownedeconomicsector,includingdomesticnon-governmentalinvestorsandforeigninvestors,nt’sm1999to2002,,internter,duringthe2000-2002period,thepro-investmentm,theinvest,;,;,;self-raisedfundsroseby60percent,;,mentofthestate-ownedeconomicsector,theaccelerateddevelopmentoftheprivateeconomicsectorandthegradualimprovementofthemarketorderandtheenvironmentforfinancingandinvestment,thecontributionofmarketfactorssuchasenterpriseearnings,prices,expectations,self-financedinvestmentandforeigncapitalutilizationtotheinvestmentgrowthhasbeenconstantlyincreasedandthattngelcoeffic,,andsohasthegrowthofhousing,transportation,,thehousingspaceofurbanresidentsincreasedby22percent,theirhouseholdcomputersincreasedbysixfold,,,,refrigeratorsincreasedby74percentandwashingmachinesincreasedby45percent....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1Theself-growthabilitymentionedherereferstotheeconomicgrowthpromotedbyproduction,investmentandconsumptionspontaneouslyofmarketentities,whichisdifferentfromthatpromotedbydirectgovernmentinvestment.LinJiabinInthepasttwoyears,"citymanagement",themunicipalgovernmentsinvariouspa,’sperspective,theriseofthe"citymanagement"concepthelpedexpeditethepaceofmu,italsoresultedinmisguidedgovernmentbehaviors,encouraginglandrequisitionandselling,stateandnatureofChina’scitymanagement,theoriginofth’sCurrentCityManagementAreviewof,somemunicipalleadersextolledcitymanagementasa"brand-newconceptofmunicipalconstruction"(WangHongzhong:CityManagement–APowerfulLeverageforPromotingRegionalEconomicDevelopment,ChinaPersonnelPublishingHouse,April2002)andasa"revolutioninthemodeofmunicipaldevelopment"(QingdaoMunicipalConstructionCommission:ManagingaCity–aRevolutionintheModeofMunicipalDevelopment,aspeechattheMayors’ForumonCityManagementandRegionalEconomicDevelopmentinSeptember2002).Lateron,somescholarschallengedthis,arguingthatcitymanagementimpliedagovernmentoversteppingitsadministrativefunctions,alossofcontroloverthescaleofmunicipalconstruction,anexhaustionofarablelandresources,,"citymanagementisinnatureanactofgovernmentoversteppingitsfunctionsandshouldnotbeadvocated"(SunYongzheng:RisksofCityManagement,TheTide,,2003)."government’scapitalizedoperationandmanagementofitsvariousresourcesandassetsbyemployingmarkettoolsundermarketeconomyconditions"(QingdaoMunicipalConstructionCommission:2002).Otherssaiditmeantthegovernment,usingmarketeconomytoolsandthroughmarketmechanisms,reorganizesandoperatesthenaturalcapital(suchasland,riversandlakes),thecarrierofcityspaceandcityfunctions,andthehumancapital(suchasroads,bridgesandothermunicipalfacilitiesandpublicbuildings)aswellastheirextendedcapital(suchasthenamingofroadsandbridgesandtheuseofadvertisingdevices),usessocialcapitalformunicipalconstruction,appliesthemarketeconomy’smanagementknowledgeandtechniquesintomunicipalconstructionandmanagement,andcarriesoutconcentration,reorganizationandoperationofmunicipalassets(WangHongzhong:2002).Stillotherssaidthatcitymanagementis"anoperationthattakesthecityasaspecialasset",andthat"thecityshouldbeoperatedinamarketmodetodiversifyinvestors,marketizeprojectoperationsandcommercializefacilityusage"Fromtheaboveabstractconcepts,,,weshoutrevealsthatChina’ties,forthisisthemostcole,theearningsfromlandsalesevenmatchestaxrevenuesandbecameanim"landreservecenters"establishedbycitygovernmentsmonopolizetheprimarylandmarketandacquirelandatlowpricesthrough"setmode"ipalinfrastructureconstructionandoperationbyestablish,theChangshaMunicipalGovernmentsignedanagreementwithHongKongChangjiangConstructionCompany,underwhichtheBOT(Built-Operation-Transfer)lectionandoperationafte,ChangshaMunicipalGovernmentauthorizedthroughagreementthelocalenterprise,ChangdaGroupCorporation,ideinvestors,includinggopublicfacil,transitroutes,publiclavatoriesatscenicspots,colddrinkoutletsandnewsstands,andthenamingandadvertisingrightsofroads,bridges,squaresandotherfacilities. 

      yh澳门银河娱乐开户HanJun,XieYang,XiaoJunyan,CuiXiaoli,YuBaoping,PanYaoguoLuoDan,,2005Intermsofpurposes,theconsumerdemandforgraincomprisesfourparts:food,feed,,thetotalgraindemandforayearshouldmeetthefollowingequation:thetotalgraindemandfortheyear=graininventoryatbeginningoftheyear+grainproductionoftheyear+netgrainimportoftheyear–workoutt’srelevantdata,thisreportwillanalyzethefeaturesandtrendsofthechangesinChina’’sConsumerDemandforGrainChina’sgrainstatisticsmainlycovercereal,,beansandtubersaccountedforabout11-13percentofthecountry’,however,grainstatisticscovercerealoutputonly,,,thestructureofcerealconsumptionhasundergonemajorchangesSince1990,,reofthedemandforcereals.

      WangMengkuiThethemeofthisforum–theall-round,balancedandsustainabledevelopmentofChina,isopmentconcept,butalsoChina’’sreformoplehasbeensolvedandawell-offsocietyhaspreliminarilybeenconstructed,thishasprovidedanewstartingpointforChina’,whichadvocatedpullingoutallthestopsatwhatevercosttoprovideenoughfoodandclothingfortheChinesepeople,dicalchangeshavetakenplaceintermsofChina’seconomicsystem,itisnecessaryforustotransformthepreviousnotionofdevelopmentthathastakenitsrootintheplannedeconomysystem,andalsoinnovatesomen’ssocio-economyhasnotbeendevelopedinanall-round,coordinatedandsustainablemannerinreality,itisessentialforChinatoupgradei’smaterialandtechnologicalbasisforfurtherdevelopmentisstrongerthanthatinthepast,andtheconditionsforsustainableandrapideconomicgrowthareavailable,ye:reformofeconomicsystemhasleduptomaterialreadjustmentsandrestructuringofsocialinterestrelations;scientificandtechnologicaladvancementhasboostedtheeconomicstructuretoundergooptimizationandupgrading;thequickenedprocessofindustrializationandurbanizationhasbeenaccompaniedbyprofoundchangesofsocialstructure;aftertheChinesepeoplehaveenoughfoodandclothingnowadays,andChina’spercapitaGDPexceedsUS$1,000dollars,thesocialdemandshavebeenupgradedanddiversified;thelevelofsocialdevelopmentlagsbehindthatofeconomicdevelopment,whichhasgivenrisetoanaccumulatedpileofsocialproblems;problemsbroughtaboutbythewideninggapbetweenurbanandruralareas,ofregionaldisparityandoftheincomedifferenceamongresidents;heavypressuresonemploymentandsocialsecurity;formidablechallengesposedbyrapideconomicgrowthagainstresourcesandenvironment;enormousmomentumofdevelopmentandimpactbroughtalongbyreformandopeningup,,,balancedandsustainablemanner,wehavetoseekafteranappropriatesolutiontosolvethecontradictionsandproblemsthatwearefacedwithinthenewstageofdevelopment,soastoensureChina,suchagiantship,,balancedandsustainabledevelopmentcanbesummarizedinfiveaspects:First,payattentiontoruraldevelopmentandsolvomeprotrudingcontradictionsinChina’,largeproportionofruralpopulationandsmallscaleofagriculturaloperationarethemainobstaclestotheincreaseoffarmers’,whichisalsoapivotalperiodoftimetowitnessreadjustmentsintermsoftherelationsbetwee,economicgrowthchieflystemsfromnon-agricultureindustries,,agricultureisadisadvantagedindustry;’sagricultureisfacedwithfiercecompetitionsintheinternationalarena,andcouldnotprovidebackupforthecountry’,’snon-agriculturalpopulationonlyaccountsforasmallnumberofitsnationaltotal,andthenon-agriculturalindustriesareoflowefficiency,itisimpossibleforChinatoexertmuchofitsstrengthtodo"regurgitationfeeding"rmsoffinance,revenueandothersocio-economicpolicies,whichmayh,andatthesametimeattentionmustbepaidtohelpsolvetheissuesofruralareasandfarmersthroughindustrialization,,advancedandapplicabletechnologiesshouldbeadoptedtoreconstructtheagriculturalsectorandtheentireruraleconomysoastorealizethediversionofagriculturalpopulationintonon-agriculturalsectorsandindustriesthroughindustrializationandurbanization,andguideruraleconomyontotheuniformnationwidemarketizedandsocializedtrackbydeepeningthereform,whichinfactisaprocess,thelevelofurbanizationwillberaisedfromthecurrent40%tomorethan55%,andtheproportionoccupiedbyagriculturallaborersinthetotalemployedpopulationmaybeloweredfromcurrent50%,andalsotoavoidoralleviateanypossibleturmoilandconcussionincurredbysocialchangesonalargescale,itisessentialtohandletheissueproperlyfromtwoaspects:Attentionshouldbepaidtothebalanceddevelopmentofbig,mediumandsmallcitiesandsmalltownsintheaspectofurbanplanninganddevelopment,andthecreationofemploymentopportunitiesandlivingconditionsforfarmerstomovetonon-agriculturalindustries,soastoavoid"urbanailment’broughtalongwithexcessiveurbanization;Inruralareas,theissueoflandshouldbeproperlyhandledtopreventalargenumberoffarmers,duetothelossofland,frombecomingrefugees.RenXingzhouResearchReportNo191,istrativefranchise,commercialfranchisereferstothegrantingbythefranchisortothefranchisee,intheformofauthorization(throughtheformoffranchisecontracts),therighttousetheregisteredtrademark(includingthetrademarkofservices),name,patent,specialtechnology,businessmode,oranyotherbusinesssymbolsthefranchisorowns,togetherwithall-roundguidanceandsubstantialassistancefromtheformertothelatterinpersonneltraining,establishmentoforganizationalstructures,businessmanagement,,thefranchiseewouldcarryoutbusinessoperationsaccordingtotheunifiedmodeofbusinessmanagementando,therefore,thatfranchisedoperationisaformofbusinessoperationcennthefollowingthreeways:Firstofall,franchisedoperationisamodeofbusinessdevelopmentinwhichthepatentedtechnologyofonepartyisintegratedw,therefore,,franchisedoperationisaformoforganizationinwhichthemanagementanddecision-makingpowersofthefranchisorareintegra,commandedandtaught,however,bythefranchisorandthefranchiseemustcarryoutmanagementandoperationactivitiesinstrictaccordancewitht,s,thefranchiseewillearnbiggerprofitsfromfranchisedoperationsthanfromindependentoperations;enjoythesuccessfultechnology,brandandintangibleassetsofanotherpartywithsmallinvestment;enterabusinessfieldfromacomparativelyhigherpointofstart,savetimeandmoneyandminimizeriskswhenstartinganewundertaking,,meanwhile,canextendthevalueofitsbrandandpatentedtechnologythroughfranchisedoperation,thusachievingexpansio,ofcourse,onmutualsdevelopedrapidlyinnumerouscommercialandservicesectorsacrosstheworldinthe20thcenturyincludingretailing,catering,automobilesaleandmaintenance,educationandtraining,travel,recreation,marketingofaudio-visualproductsandbooks,printing,constructionandfitting-upofhousing,intermediaryserviceinrealestate,leaseofequipment,body-buildingandbeautytreatment,nursingandcareofchildren,andsanitationservice(totalingmorethan70sectors,accordingtostatistics).Resortingtothismethodofrapidexpansionoftheirbusinessscales,someenterp’sEconomicDevelopmentInviewofitsnatureandmarkedcharacteristics,itisofgreaturgencytovigorouslypromotedevelopmentofcommercialfranchiseinthe21stcenturywhenChinaforgesaheadinitsstrategicmovetobuildafairlywell-offsocietybecausefranchisedoperati’scirculationindustryandservicemarketandpromotingtherapidincreaseofthedegreeoforganizationofChineseenterprisesThecharacteristicsofthemodeofcommercialfranchisedecidesitsuniqu’sentryintotheWorldTradeOrganizationandeconomicglobalization,China’sdistributionsectorandservicemarketarecommonlyfoundw,,smallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswillbeabletoclimbintotheranksofleadingenterprisesboastingbothadvancedexpertiseandnamebrandsandwinaccesstothecreditability,name,patentedtechnologyandmanagementexpertiseofthefranchisor,thusbothincreasingtheirdegreeoforganization,harvestingexcellenteconomicresultswiththehelpofothers,andstrengtheningtheircapacityofsurvival,nessscalebyenterpriseswithacuttingedgeandtherapidriseofanumberofChineseenterprisesbiginscaleandpowerfulinstrengthWiththeadvanceoftheprocessofeconomicglobalization,internationalcompetitionform,largetran,patentedtechnologyandmanagementexpertise,however,canhardlyexpecttorapidlygrowinbusinessscaleorcompetitiveabilityduringtheirprocessofdevelopmentduetor,however,thepatentedtechnologyofonepartyandthecapitalofanotherpartycanbe,1997,itsnetannualsalesroseabovethoseofitsparentcompany,ITOYOKADO,,itsnumberoflicensedshopswas5,,thefigurehasgrowntoover8,000,canalsobefoundinworld-famoussnackcountersincludingKentucky,Macdonald,developingstrategiesAmajorcharacteristicoffranchisedoperationisexpansionofthevalueoftechnologyandbrandnames,includingthenameandtrademarkofaproduct,thetitleofashop,heval,permissionisgiventotheuseofthesekindsofbrandssothatthey,b,franchisedoperationwillundoubtedlyfurtherfacilitateimplementationofthebrand-developingstrategysothatsomeChinesebrandswillstrikeadeeperrootintheheartofthepeople,gaingreaterreputationinthesociety,snatchbiggermarketshares,becomeevenmorecompetitive,andproduceevenbettersocialresultsfromanoverallpointofview.


        ’snon-lifeinsurancesectorMajorrisksinChina’snon-lifeinsurancesectorcomprisemainlyliabilityriskandoperationrisk,including:(1)Under-pricingriskTheriskismostlycausedbytheweakactuarialcapabilityandover-competitionofinsurers,whicharemanifestedinirregularunderwritingpracticessuchasacceptanceofagamblingnature,over-capacityacceptance,acceptanceonreducedconditions,,,theinsuredamountofpropertyinsurancepoliciesstoodatRMB29,,%.Incontrast,%,(datasource:statisticsofChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommission).Alsofortheyear,‰,‰,,thepremiumratesforpropertyandtrans,,alargepropertywithaninvestmentofashighasoverHK$4billion,asanexample,,certaersandleadtothreeconsequences:First,therelativelylowpremiumrevenuemakesitdifficultforinsurerstoallocatesufficientprovisionsaccordingtoriskmanagementrequirements,andthusincreasestheunderwritingrisk;Second,insurersarebroughttobearhigherpressureoffundoperation,whichsometimesimpeloperatorstoengageinspeculationonthefinancialmarketin,thedefectsandhighriskontheChinesefinancialmarketwillcausethespeculationtofaceextremedanger;Third,itisdifficultforinsurerstodiverttheriskbeyonditscapacitybymeansofre-insuranceto,inparticular,,theyarejusttryingtheirlu,quitemanyinsurerscertainlycanhardlybearthem.(2)CreditriskInrecentyearsinsurancefraudsoccurredfrequently,andt,statisticsofGuangdongInsuranceAssociationshowthatbyOctober2004,Guangdong-basednon-lifeinsurancecompaniesrecordedanaveragelossratioof4546%forautoloancases,andtheratioevenhitashighas8543%,,accordingtoconservativeestimatesofBeijingnon-lifeinsurers,around20%,(EconomicInformationDaily,April142004).(3)ClaimsriskLossofinsurancefundsisstillwidelyoccurringdu,insurerssometimeshavetofulfilltheresponsibilitiesoutsidethosestipulatedininsurancecontracts.(4)RiskofLiabilityOver-concentrationAsshowninthefollowingtable,theconcentrationinChina’,thetopone,motorvehicleandthird-partyliabilityinsurance,continuouslymaintainsthemarketshareofover60%,followedbytheenterprisepropertyinsurancewithashareof14%.Othertypespostaproportionofbelow5%’sLawonRoadTrafficSafety,manylocallawenforcementauthoritiesareinclinedtotreatinsurersasthedefendantorcodefendantandtorequireinsurerstopay,whichbegantoseetheliabilityconcentrationrisk.XiaBinandGaoShanwenWhenpeoplelookbackatthepastyearandlookaheadto2004,thefocusofdiscussionhasbeengraduallyshiftedfromwhethertheeconomyisover-heated,orwhetheritisgenerallynormalbutpartiallyovonetarypolicyregulationbyanalyzingtheinflationarytrendin2004aswellasth,theglobalgrainreserveisatthelowestlevelsince1996,%.Theproportionofglobal%%inOctober2003,%tyearwillinevitablyleadtotheriseofgrainprice,sticdemandt,China’sgrainoutputhasbeencontinuouslydecreasingsince1999,beingunabletomeetthedemando,thecountry’sgrainreserveaccountedforlessthan30%ofthecurrentyear’sconsumption,whichwa%,%ofthecurrentyear’,andthegrainconsumptioncouldnotincreasein2004,%,theyearthatreportedthebumpiestharvestsawagrowthoflessthan11%.Underthemostoptimisticscenario,theshortagethisyearwillne,itwilltaketwoyearsandmoretoexpandthegrainproductionuntilthedemandismet,,expandinggrainproductionrequiresfarmers’higherenthusiasmforproduction,whichalsoneedstoberealizedthroughhighergrainprice,which,inturn,offarmlandasw,undertheirreversibleconditionofreturningfarmlandtoforestsandincreasingnumberoffloatingruralworkers,itwillbeverypossibleforthestatnoftheUnitedNations,webelievethattheuncertaintylyingintheabovepredictionmightbetheoverestimateofChina’sgrainconsumptionbyrelevantdata,,ifthehistoricalaveragereserveisusedasayardsticktomaketheprediction,,wecanseethatthegrainpriceundertheRetailPriceIndexroseabout3-5%,weestimatethatthegrainpricein2004islikelytoriseatabout5%’sConsumerPriceIndex(CPI)isnotmadepublicandoftenadjustedwiththeconsumptionstructure,naiscapableofmaintainingthefixedexchangeratesystem,andthatnowitsimportandexportvolumehasaccountedfor60%oftheGDP,thepricesinthetradesectorsarealmostchangingatthesamepacewiththoseofthemeansofproductionintheUnitedStates(Since1977,thechangesofthepriceindexesofmeansofproductioninChinaandtheUnitedStateshavebeenalmostsimultaneous).Butt:Intermsofglobalsupply,thepriceindexofmeansofprod,theindexshouldexaminethechangesofoutputsofthem,iftheshrinkageofsupplyiscausedbytheriseofenergyprice,theindexshouldindicatetherelativedeclineofoutputsortradevolume;iftheoutputandtradevolumearerelativelygrowing,onecanbasicallyconcludethattheexpansionofdemandisthemainreasonforthepricechanges.yh澳门银河娱乐开户 

       
       

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